Sale Number: 824
Sale Date: Saturday, May 13, 2000
2000 Rarities of the World

1857-60 Issue
Lot Sym. Lot Description Est/Cat Realized
113 nhbl 1c Blue, Ty. I-II (18, 20). Block of four, Positions 27-28/37-38L12, original gum, lightly hinged, bottom right stamp Ty. II, other three stamps Ty. I, deep rich color on bright paper

VERY FINE AND SCARCE BLOCK.

With 1995 P.F. certificate (Image Magnifier)

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6,000 4,500
114   1c Blue, Ty. I (18). Plate 12, remarkably well-centered showing complete design at sides and virtually complete design at top and bottom (including the defining type characteristics), fresh and bright color, neat strike of "Free" in oval cancellation, Extremely Fine and choice, a beautiful stamp with a very scarce cancellation, with 1986 and 1995 P.F. certificates (Image Magnifier)

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1,250 2,800
115 og 1c Blue, Ty. III (21). Position 45L4, original gum, lightly hinged, showing wide break in line at top and distinct break at bottom, beautiful fresh color and unusually detailed impression

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE PERFORATED 1857 ONE-CENT TYPE III STAMP. VERY FEW EXIST IN ANY TYPE OF ACCEPTABLE ORIGINAL-GUM CONDITION. THE INCREDIBLE CENTERING AND REMARKABLY FRESH ORIGINAL GUM MAKE THIS STAMP A PHENOMENAL CONDITION RARITY.

Ex Moody as part of a vertical block of six. With 1991 P.F. certificate. (Image Magnifier)

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11,000 27,000
116   1c Blue, Ty. IV (23). Recut at top and bottom, remarkably well-centered, rich color, lightly struck Philadelphia circular datestamp

EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF THE PERFORATED 1857 ONE-CENT TYPE IV STAMP.

The Plate 1 Late sheets on hand in 1857 were perforated on the new equipment, but the spacing between subjects and Toppan Carpenter's generally poor perforating skills resulted in the majority being off center. Examples of Scott 23 in this grade of centering are rare.

With 1991 P.F. certificate. (Image Magnifier)

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575 1,350
117 ogbl 5c Brick Red (27). Block of four, original gum, beautiful bright Brick Red color, incredibly well-centered for this difficult stamp, top left stamp small thin spot

VERY FINE-EXTREMELY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED INTACT BLOCK OF THE 5-CENT BRICK RED. AN IMPORTANT UNITED STATES CLASSIC BLOCK RARITY -- CONSIDERED TO BE THE MOST IMPORTANT PERFORATED 5-CENT JEFFERSON ISSUE MULTIPLE -- AND EVEN MORE REMARKABLE CONSIDERING THE GREAT RARITY OF THE 5-CENT BRICK RED AS A SINGLE STAMP WITH ORIGINAL GUM.

This is the only intact block of the 5c Brick Red. The Caspary collection contained a block of three with a fourth stamp added to create a complete block.

Apart from the block offered here, there are perhaps twenty 5c Brick Red stamps with original gum to be found among major auction sales of the past fifty years. About half of the known examples are poorly centered. Almost two-thirds have stains or small faults. Judging from our survey, we estimate that perhaps six or seven sound original-gum Brick Red stamps exist with centering approaching any of the stamps in this block. A well-centered original-gum Brick Red in our sale of the Golin collection (Sale 812) realized $35,000 hammer versus $14,000 Scott value. The three sound stamps in this block would probably be worth $50,000 to $75,000 each if offered as singles, which does not reflect any premium for the uniqueness of the block.

Ex Worthington, Hind, Sinkler and Ward. Illustrated in Linn's Philatelic Gems II. With 1989 P.F. certificate. (Image Magnifier)

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130,000 125,000
118 ng 5c Indian Red (28A). Unused (no gum), beautiful rich color in the most vivid Indian Red shade that exists, sharp detailed impression, well-centered, diagonal crease at bottom

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. THE INDIAN RED SHADE IS ONE OF THE MOST DIFFICULT STAMPS OF THE 1857 ISSUE TO FIND IN UNUSED CONDITION. THIS IS ONE OF THE BEST-CENTERED, MOST VIVID EXAMPLES WE HAVE ENCOUNTERED.

The so-called Indian Red shade of the 5c 1857 Issue is the rarest of the colors, ranging from Brick Red to Red Brown to Brown. In unused condition, it is an extreme rarity, with perhaps five or six original-gum examples known. We surveyed approximately fifty catalogues of major sales held over the past 70 years and, together with the stamp offered here, we located only eight different examples of the 5c Indian Red in unused condition (four with original gum or part o.g.). Even allowing for copies we have missed, Scott 28A in unused condition is obviously a great rarity. In fact, in Rarities sales conducted by our firm since 1964, only four unused 5c Indian Red stamps have been offered, not including this year's sale. The stamp offered here is one of the three best-centered of the group.

With 1999 P.F. certificate. (Image Magnifier)

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16,000 13,500
119   5c Indian Red (28A). Well-centered, very lightly cancelled with only a trace of red cancel at bottom, magnificent intense shade at the extreme fiery end of the Indian Red color spectrum, proof-like impression

VERY FINE. THIS STAMP IS REMARKABLE NOT ONLY FOR ITS TRUE INDIAN RED COLOR, BUT FOR ITS SHARP IMPRESSION AND LIGHT FACE-FREE CANCEL.

With 1980 P.F. certificate. (Image Magnifier)

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3,000 2,800
120   5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30). Remarkably well-centered with unusually wide margins at sides and with design completely clear at top and bottom, deep rich color, light face-free grid cancel

EXTREMELY FINE AND CHOICE. A WONDERFUL EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT TYPE II ORANGE BROWN. RARE IN WELL-CENTERED AND SOUND USED CONDITION.

The Orange Brown was issued not long before the 1857-61 Issue was demonetized, and thus is very scarce in used condition. With 1997 P.S.E. and P.F. certificates (Image Magnifier)

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1,100 2,600
121   5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30). Vivid color, light red grid cancel, well-centered

EXTREMELY FINE AND CHOICE. A RARE STAMP IN THIS CHOICE USED CONDITION.

The Orange Brown was issued not long before the 1857-61 Issue was demonetized, and thus is very scarce in used condition. With 1996 P.F. certificate (Image Magnifier)

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1,100 1,500
122 c 5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30). Vertical strip of three, exceptionally well-centered, intense shade and impression, bottom stamp has one pulled perf, tied by vivid red grids, matching "New York Paid 6 Sep. 7" credit datestamp on 1861 blue folded cover to Bordeaux, France, red "P.D." in frame, ms. "Pr. Teutonia", small faint waterstain along bottom edge of cover

VERY FINE STRIP AND COLORFUL ATTRACTIVE COVER. A STRIP OF THREE IS THE LARGEST KNOWN MULTIPLE OF THE 5-CENT ORANGE BROWN USED ON COVER. FOUR STRIPS ON COVERS ARE RECORDED, INCLUDING TWO IN VERTICAL FORMAT. ONE OF THE GREAT RARITIES OF THE CLASSIC PERIOD.

The last published update of the census of 5c Orange Brown covers by Dr. Richard M. Searing showed a total of 38 covers, including four strips of three (two vertical, two horizontal).

Illustrated in Ashbrook's Special Service No. 29; in the Hill book (p. 73) where described as "one of the rarest pieces known to collectors"; and in Brookman Vol. I (p. 221). Ex Hill, Haas, Ishikawa and Zoellner. Signed Ashbrook. (Image Magnifier)

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E. 10,000-15,000 5,750
123   10c Green, Ty. I (31). Magnificent wide margins and choice centering, deep dark shade, crisp impression showing the complete scroll at bottom right, bright red circular datestamp

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A BEAUTIFUL EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT TYPE I PERFORATED 1857 ISSUE. RARELY SEEN IN THIS WELL-CENTERED CONDITION WITH SUCH WIDE MARGINS AND A RED CANCELLATION.

With 1992 P.F. certificate (Image Magnifier)

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800 2,900
124   10c Green, Ty. IV (34). Position 55L1, recut at bottom, rich color on bright paper, dark blue grid cancel

EXTREMELY FINE AND CHOICE EXAMPLE OF THE TYPE IV PERFORATED 10-CENT 1857 ISSUE WITH AN ATTRACTIVE COLORED CANCELLATION.

With 1996 P.F. certificate (Image Magnifier)

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2,190 2,200
125 c 10c Green, Ty. IV (34). Position 76L1, recut at bottom, well-centered with wide margins, beautiful bright color, tied by blue-green 5-Point Shadowed Star fancy cancel, matching "Marysville Cal." circular datestamp on immaculate orange cover to Kanona N.Y., neat ms. "Due 10", slightly reduced at left, stamp has scissors-trimmed perfs at top and bottom, a few short as a result

EXTREMELY FINE COVER. AN EXTRAORDINARY USE OF THE 1857 10-CENT TYPE IV WITH A COLORED FANCY CANCELLATION.

Ex Brooks. (Image Magnifier)

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2,500 1,400
126 c 10c Green, Ty. IV (34). Position 64L1, recut at top and bottom -- the only double-recut position on the plate -- well-centered, tied by "San Francisco Cal. Feb. 5, 1859" circular datestamp on lavender-colored cover to Dunbarton N.H., stamp has tiny corner perf crease, still Very Fine, choice example of this rare double-recut Type IV, extremely rare in this quality, ex Grunin and Zoellner, Scott Retail $1,800.00 as a recut on cover with no premium for the rare double recut position (Image Magnifier)

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E. 1,000-1,500 850
127 c Pony Express Way Usage from Fort Bridger (Utah Territory). Manuscript "From Fort Bridger U.T. June 20, 1861" and "7c Paid" on 3c Red Star Die entire to Col. Mason W. Tappan, 1st Regiment, New Hampshire Vol., Washington D.C., sender's notation "Pony Express, Paid 2.00", well-centered 10c Green, Ty. V (35) affixed over the "7c Paid" and tied by a green grid and matching "St. Joseph Mo. Jun. 27" (1861) circular datestamp, additional strike of grid on 3c embossed stamp

EXTREMELY FINE AND PRISTINE CONDITION. A REMARKABLE PONY EXPRESS WAY COVER, PICKED UP AT FORT BRIDGER BY A PONY RIDER ALONG THE ROUTE FROM CALIFORNIA. BELIEVED TO BE A UNIQUE FRANKING AND USAGE.

Based on another Pony Express cover postmarked at St. Joseph on June 27, 1861, this Pony Express trip originated in San Francisco on June 15. Fort Bridger was a regular stop along the Pony route, and this cover was handed to the rider on June 20.

Fort Bridger was established in 1843 by famed mountain man Jim Bridger and a partner, Louis Vasquez, on Black's Fork of the Green River in the southwest corner of what is now Wyoming. It was for many years an important emigrant supply stop and Indian trading post along the Oregon Trail. In 1853 the Mormons took control of the fort after trying to arrest Bridger for selling gunpowder to the Indians -- this event led to a dispute over ownership that lasted many years. In 1857, with the outbreak of the Mormon War, the fort was abandoned and burned by the Mormons. In the summer of 1858, Fort Bridger was occupied by United States troops under the command of Albert Sydney Johnston, 2nd U.S. Cavalry. Fort Bridger postal markings from this early period carry the "U.T." Utah Territory designation. In 1861 most of the troops headed east to participate in the Civil War.

Ex Emerson. (Image Magnifier)

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E. 15,000-20,000 15,500
128 ng 24c Gray Lilac, 30c Orange, 90c Blue, Imperforate (37b, 38a, 39a). Horizontal pairs of each, 24c ample margins to in at top with a faint crease, 30c mostly ample margins, 90c huge margins with tiny thin in right stamp

THE FAMOUS COMPLETE SET OF 1860 IMPERFORATE PAIRS, WHICH IS UNIQUE BY VIRTUE OF THE 90-CENT PAIR.

Apart from singles, there is record of only two 24c pairs, three 30c pairs, and this one 90c pair. The 90c is ex Ferrary, and it is believed that Arthur Hind assembled this complete set, which was sold in our 1971 Rarities sale ($25,000), 1983 Rarities sale ($68,750), 1989 Rarities sale ($57,750) and our 1994 Concord sale ($55,000).

Ex Ferrary, Hind and Concord. Each with 1971 P.F. certificate. (Image Magnifier)

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60,750 50,000
129   90c Blue (39). Deep rich color, cancelled by light strike of black grid and red London, England, circular datestamp, well-centered with extra wide margins at sides, bright and fresh

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB USED EXAMPLE OF THE SHORT-LIVED 90-CENT 1860 WITH A FOREIGN TRANSIT DATESTAMP.

The basic 24c and 30c rates to England, France and Germany created a large volume of mail franked with those values of the 1857-61 series. However, the 90c saw much more limited use, partly due to the rates in effect, but more because of the American Civil War. When supplies of current postage stamps were declared invalid in the South and ultimately demonetized by the Federal government, the 90c had been in use for only one year. For this reason, genuinely cancelled copies and covers bearing the 90c are extremely rare. Approximately 180 used examples have been certified by The Philatelic Foundation, of which one-quarter are sound.

The cancel most often seen on genuine used examples of the 90c is the New York red grid. The stamp offered here, with a London transit datestamp and a lightly-struck black grid, is a remarkable rarity.

Ex Hind, Gore, Seymour and Ishikawa. With 1993 P.F. certificate. (Image Magnifier)

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6,000 12,000
130 og 90c Deep Blue, Reprint (47). Without gum as issued, well-centered with wide margins all around, intense shade, proof-like impression on bright paper

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A LOVELY EXAMPLE OF THE 90-CENT 1857 REPRINT.

With 1987 P.F. certificate (Image Magnifier)

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4,250 6,250
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