The Siegel Census
SPECIAL NOTE: There are many United States stamps that look similar to the rarities listed below. Some of the differences between expensive rarities and common stamps can be subtle, including differences in perforation, shade and size. These stamps should have certificates from a recognized expertizing committee, such as The Philatelic Foundation or Professional Stamp Experts.


The census is structured as follows:

A brief sale history, if available, is provided for each stamp. This is followed by the stamp’s certification record, if any, with condition notes from the certificate in quotes after the P.F. number.

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It must be remembered that condition is not a static factor. Stamps once thought sound can be judged to have an existing fault or can be damaged after the certificate is issued. Likewise, certain stamps may be described with faults that are not actually present — for example, a small wrinkle that is interpreted as a sealed tear, or a small stain that comes out in water.

Anyone who uses this census should be aware that the information in quotes is opinion only.


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The list below is of stamps for which census information is available. We have endeavored to illustrate every known example of the stamps in our census. We update this section as new information becomes available.
If you have any additional information, please either send us information in the mail, or e-mail us.

Postmasters' Provisionals

Alexandria Va.
(Scott #1X1-1X2)

Annapolis, Md.
(Scott #2XU1)

Baltimore Md.
(Scott #3X2-3X4)

Millbury Mass.
(Scott #7X1)

New Haven Conn.
(Scott #8XU1-8XU4)

1851-56 Issue

1c 1851 Issue, Type I
(Scott #5)

1c 1851 Issue Printed On Both Sides
(Scott #9a)

3c 1851 Issue Printed On Both Sides
(Scott #10Ab)

3c 1851 Issue, Double Impression
(Scott #11Ae)

12c Black, Printed On Both Sides
(Scott #17c)

1857-60 Issue

5c Brown, Printed On Both Sides
(Scott #30Ab)

1c Blue, Type III, Position 99R2
(Scott #21)

1c Blue, Type V, On Laid Paper
(Scott #24b)

3c 1857 Issue, Double Impression
(Scott #26e)

1861 First Designs & Colors

1¢ Indigo, First Design
(Scott #55)

5¢ Brown, First Design
(Scott #57)

12c Intense Black, First Design
(Scott #59)

30c Red Orange, First Color
(Scott #61)

90c Blue, First Design
(Scott #62)

1861-66 Issue

1c Blue, Printed On Both Sides
(Scott #63e)

3c Rose, Printed On Both Sides
(Scott #65e)

3c Rose, Double Impression
(Scott #65f)

2c Black, Printed On Both Sides
(Scott #73f)

2c Black, Laid Paper
(Scott #73g)

24c Blackish Violet
(Scott #78c)

24c Prnted On Both Sides
(Scott #78d)

1867 - 68 Grilled Issue

5c Brown, A Grill
(Scott #80)

3c Rose, B Grill
(Scott #82)

1c Blue, Z Grill
(Scott #85A)

30c Orange, A Grill
(Scott #81)

10c Green, Z Grill
(Scott #85D)

15c Black, Z Grill
(Scott #85F)

1875 Re-Issue of 1861-66 Issue

1c Blue, Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #102)

2c Black, Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #103)

3c Brown Red, Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #104)

5c Brown, Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #105)

10c Green, Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #106)

12c Black, Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #107)

15c Black, Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #108)

24c Deep Violet, Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #109)

30c Brownish Orange, Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #110)

90c Blue, Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #111)

1869 Pictorial Issue and Re-Issue

3c 1869 Pictorial, Printed on Both Sides
(Scott #114e)

15c Brown & Blue, Center Inverted
(Scott #119b)

15c Brown & Blue, Center Double, One Inverted
(Scott #119c)

24c Green & Violet, Center Inverted
(Scott #120b)

30c Ultramarine & Carmine, Center Inverted
(Scott #121b)

3c 1869 Re-Issue, Used
(Scott #125)

15c 1869 Re-Issue, Imperf. Horizontally, Used
(Scott #129a)

1870-88 Bank Note Issues

3c Green, Printed on Both Sides
(Scott #147a)

3c Green, Double Impression
(Scott #147b)

6c Carmine, Double Impression
(Scott #148b)

3c Green, Double Impression
(Scott #158j)

3c Green, Printed on Both Sides
(Scott #158k)

2c Vermilion, Double Impression
(Scott #183a)

3c Green, Double Impression
(Scott #184b)

3c Blue Green, Double Impression
(Scott #207c)

10c Brown, Double Impression
(Scott #209c)

2c Green, Printed on Both Sides
(Scott #213b)

1875 Continental Bank Note Company Special Printings

24c Dull Purple, Used
(Scott #175)

2c Carmine Vermilion
(Scott #180)

5c Bright Blue
(Scott #181)

1880-83 American Bank Note Company Special Printings

1c Dark Ultramarine
(Scott #192)

3c Blue Green
(Scott #194)

2c Scarlet Vermilion
(Scott #203)

5c Deep Blue
(Scott #204)

5c Gray Brown
(Scott #205C)

4c Deep Blue Green
(Scott #211D)

1893 Columbian Issue

4c Blue, Error of Color, Used
(Scott #233a)

1894-98 Bureau Issue

6c Dull Brown, USIR Watermark
(Scott #271a)

2c Red, Booklet, Used
(Scott #279Bj)

1901 Pan-American Issue

1c Green & Black, Center Inverted, Used
(Scott #294a)

2c Carmine & Black, Center Inverted
(Scott #295a)

1902-08 Issue

1c Green, Booklet, Used
(Scott #300b)

2c Carmine, Booklet, Used
(Scott #301c)

4¢ Brown, Imperforate, Schermack Ty. III
Private Perf unused
(Scott #314A)

1¢ Blue Green,
Vertical Coil
(Scott #316)

2¢ Carmine, Ty. I,
Vertical Coil
(Scott #321)

2c Carmine, Ty. II, Imperforate
(Scott #320Ad)

Washington-Franklin Issues

4c Orange Brown, Coil, Used Line Pairs
(Scott #350)

3c Yellow Coil, Used Multiples
(Scott #356)

Bluish Paper

3c Deep Violet on Bluish, Used
(Scott #359)

5c Blue on Bluish, Used
(Scott #361)

6c Red Orange on Bluish, Used
(Scott #362)

10c Yellow on Bluish, Used
(Scott #364)

15c Pale Ultramarine on Bluish, Used
(Scott #366)

Perf 12 x 10 Rarities

1c Green, Perf 12 x 10 (formerly Scott 424a)
(Scott #423A)

2c Rose Red, Perf 12 x 10 (formerly Scott 425d)
(Scott #423B)

5c Blue, Perf 12 x 10 (formerly Scott 428a)
(Scott #423C)

Perf 10 x 12 Rarities

1c Green, Perf 10 x 12 (formerly Scott 424b)
(Scott #423D)

2c Rose Red, Perf 10 c 12 (formerly Scott 425c)
(Scott #423E)

Perforation Varieties

1c Perf 10 at Top or Bottom
(Scott #498g)

3c Perf 10 at Top or Bottom
(Scott #502e)

6c Perf 10 at Top or Bottom
(Scott #506a)

8c Perf 10 at Top or Borrom
(Scott #508c)

9c Perf 10 at Top or Bottom
(Scott #509a)

12c Perf 10 at Top or Bottom
(Scott #512b)

20c Perf 10 and Top or Bottom
(Scott #515d)

30c Perf 10 and Top or Bottom
(Scott #516a)

50c Perf 10 at Top or Bottom
(Scott #517c)

2c Perf 10 at Top or Bottom
(Scott #554d)

4c Perf 10 and Top or Bottom
(Scott #556b)

5c Perf 10 at Top or Bottom
(Scott #557c)

10c Perf 10 at Top or Bottom
(Scott #562c)

25c Perf 10 and Left or Right
(Scott #568c)

Flat Plate Rarities

3c Orangeburg Coil - Unused
(Scott #389)

2c Deep Rose, Type Ia, Imperforate, Schermack Ty. III Private Perf
(Scott #482A)

1c Green, Double Impression
(Scott #498d)

2c Rose, Ty. II, Double Impression
(Scott #499g)

3c Ty. I, Double Impression
(Scott #501d)

3c Type II, Double Impression
(Scott #502d)

1c Offset Issue, Double Impression
(Scott #525d)

2c Ty. Va, Offset Issue, Double Impression
(Scott #528c)

2c Ty. IV, Offset Issue, Double Impression
(Scott #528Ad)

2c Ty. VII, Offset Issue, Double Impression
(Scott #528Be)

3c Ty. III, Offset Issue, Double Impression
(Scott #529a)

3c Ty. III, Offset Issue, Printed on Both Sides
(Scott #529b)

3c Ty. IV, Offset Issue, Double Impression
(Scott #530a)

3c Ty. IV, Offset Issue, Printed on Both Sides
(Scott #530b)

3c Ty. IV, Offset Issue, Printed on Both Sides
(Scott #535a)

3c Deep Violet Victory Issue, Used
(Scott #537a)

Rotary Press Rarities

2c Red, Type I, Rotary Printing, Used Joint Line Pairs
(Scott #449)

2c Carmine, Ty. II, Rotary Coil, Used Joint Line Pairs
(Scott #491)

2c Carmine Rose, Ty. II, Perf 11 x 10, Used
(Scott #539)

1c Green, Rotary Perf 11
(Scott #594)

1c Green, Rotary Perf 11
(Scott #596)

2c Harding, Rotary Perf 11
(Scott #613)

Air Post

1911, 25¢ Black, Rodgers "Vin Fiz"
Semi-Official Air Post
(Scott #CL2)

Newspapers and Periodicals

36c Pink, 1894 Unwmk. Issue
(Scott #PR97)

60c Pink, 1894 Unwmk. Issue
(Scott #PR98)

96c Pink, 1894 Unwmk. Issue
(Scott #PR99)

$3 Scarlet, 1894 Unwmk. Issue
(Scott #PR100)

$6 Pale Blue, 1894 Unwmk. Issue
(Scott #PR101)

Confederate States

Goliad, Texas Postmaster's Provisionals
(Scott #29X1-29X9)


2c Missionary
(Scott #HI1)

5c Missionary
(Scott #HI2)

13c "Hawaiian Postage" Missionary
(Scott #HI3)

13c "H.I. & U.S." Missionary
(Scott #HI4)

Puerto Rico

5c Coamo Provisional on Cover
(Scott #PR_201)

Introduction to the Census

Considering the usefulness of a well-documented census, it is surprising that so few of them have been published.

From the massive amounts of data collected by census-takers, we have been able to count the number of recorded examples, categorize them in a meaningful way, determine patterns of survival and usage, establish some enlightening facts, and create some interesting theories based on the available data.

Some of the most useful philatelic research undertaken in recent years has been the comprehensive census work in various subject areas

Perhaps the greatest philatelic census ever assembled is the unpublished clipping compilation by Frank S. Levi, Jr., encompassing hundreds of volumes across almost every United States issue and many postal history categories. The Levi records were painstakingly assembled by clipping auction catalogue photographs and descriptions, covering sales over a forty-year period. The Levi notebooks were sold to various specialists, and we are fortunate to have acquired a large portion of the United States stamp notebooks for our library.

Others have updated the Levi census or have created their own databases. The Hart-McDonald survey of 1847 covers has been expanded and computerized by Thomas J. Alexander. The New York provisional census was substantially augmented by Philip T. Wall and Jeremiah Farrington — these records are now in the hands of Donald Shearer, who is working on all of the provisionals. Dr. Richard M. Searing has kept up with Scott 30 and the high-value stamps issued from 1857 through the Bank Note era, and W. Wilson Hulme II recently published a census of the Chicago perforations. The 1869 Pictorial Research Associates (now part of the Classics Society) published a census of 1869 covers, and the compilers of this census have published part of their work on the 5c 1856 (Zuckerman) and 1869 Inverts (Trepel) in the Chronicle. Among the unpublished census work is a detailed survey of Scott 5 by Mal Brown, a broad survey of classics by Jerome S. Wagshal and a small but useful list of 10¢ 1855-57 blocks by Michael Perlman. The Crown book, which amalgamates various Confederate provisional surveys, is now outdated, but still very useful. We also have lists of earliest known usages and record-size multiples currently being published in Linn’s Stamp News and the Chronicle, a direct outgrowth of census work.

Art collectors and numismatists are far ahead of philatelists in assembling catalogues of an artist’s work or detailed surveys of coins, but at least we are moving in the right directionWith the availability of information, collectors and dealers should be better informed about the extant population of stamps. Much of the guesswork in determining rarity and relative condition can now be eliminated by referring to the published census data.

We have used the census data to establish rarity and relative quality. A few interesting observations were also drawn from the data, especially those related to the 1867-68 Grilled Issues. Publication of a photo (front and back) of the other known 1¢ ZGrill — the New York Public Library’s stamp from the Miller collection — is a noteworthy and welcome addition to the record.

Like any census, we have certainly not located every known example. However, through a diligent search of the Levi records, the Philatelic Foundation’s records, our own auction catalogues and consultation with other specialists, we have compiled a large body of data that we have no doubt will prove enlightening, Even if only judged only by the chagrin we feel looking back at certain past descriptions.

We regret every unjustified “finest known” and gross overstatement (or understatement) of rarity as a blemish on our record and hope this census partly exonerates us in the eyes of future philatelists. Our role is to sell stamps, and we believe that our credibility is enhanced by presenting accurate information. The more credibility we have, the better we will be at selling.